H1B versus J1 Visa Residency
1. A H1B Visa needs to be sponsored by the Residency Program while a J1 is sponsored by ECFMG - this tells you why most programs prefer the J1 Visa and leave the processing headache to ECFMG. However, most of them are also unaware that H1B Visa processing is no big deal and is often as fast or sometimes faster. And what is meant by "Sponsored" - It refers to the Legal paperwork and fees ! [Pssst...Pssst : If you can do a good explaining job to the Program Directors about the H1B Visa - sometimes you might even clinch an H1 from a J1 offering program ]
2. You can Moonlight on a H1B visa and earn some extra $$ besides your fellowship or job - but you are NOT permitted to do any moonlighting on a J1 Visa ! Read the official statement about this from ECFMG Here. To know about Moonlighting - Refer to the section on Moonlighting Here.
3. Both H1B and J1 are Non-Immigrant Visas. While H1 has a maximum of 6 years, J1 has 7 years on its expiry date. After expiry a J1 visa holder has no option but to get back to his home country for 2 years before attempting a re-entry. On the other hand an H1 Visa guy, after his 6 years, can go to any country and come back after 1 year, which "resets" his H1B status and he can work another 6 years...
4. Green card processing can begin while on an H1B visa - NOT on a J1 Visa.
5. The easiet way a J1 Holder can change visa status is to find a 'J1-Waiver' Job in underserved areas in the USA ! And NO - even if you get married to a US citizen or a Green card holder - your visa cannot change from J1 - its GOT to be a J1-waiver, either via a waiver job or other much tougher waivers as discussed here on J-1 waiver basics for IMGs .
6. A dependent Spouse of a J1 IMG (i.e. J2 visa holder) can apply for an Employment authorization and can work for any employer (can even do a residency / fellowship) in the USA as long as the J1-holder maintains J1 status, whereas the dependent spouse of a H1b IMG (i.e. H4 visa holder) is NOT ALLOWED To WORK anywhere in the USA, unless the spouse finds an employer willing to sponsor a separate H1b or J1
Hmm..A J1 resident, I spoke to recently, told me it's not too tough to get a J1-waiver job for primary care specialties (Family medicine, Internal medicine, Ob-Gyn, Psychiatry and Pediatrics) while it may be a shade tougher for other specialties and fellowship-trained sub-specialists
|Is this Blog one of the best things to happen to you ? Then How Bout Automatic Spam-free USMLEtoMD Updates on Email ?|
|Digg it! |||Facebook! |||Forum!|